The liver manages the majority of chemical levels in the blood and excretes bile. This helps with the clearance of waste from the liver. The liver filters all blood that leaves the stomach and intestines. The liver processes this blood and breaks down balances, and produces nutrients, as well as metabolises medications into forms that are easier for the rest of the body to use or that are less toxic. The liver is responsible for about 500 important activities. The following are some of the more well-known functions:
4.Fat metabolism breakdown
- Bile production, which aids in the removal of waste and the breakdown of fats in the small intestine during digestion.
- Synthesis of specific proteins for blood plasma
- The production of cholesterol and specific proteins that aid in the transport of fats throughout the body.
- Conversion of surplus glucose to glycogen for storage (glycogen can subsequently be converted back to glucose for energy), as well as balancing and producing glucose as needed.
- Controlling the amounts of amino acids in the blood, which serve as the building blocks of proteins. Processing of hemoglobin for use of its iron content (the liver stores iron)
- Conversion of toxic ammonia to urea (urea is an end product of protein metabolism and is excreted in the urine)
- Clearing the blood of drugs and other poisonous substances
- Regulating blood clotting
- Infection resistance is achieved by producing immune components and eliminating pathogens from the bloodstream.
- Clearance of bilirubin, also from red blood cells. When bilirubin levels rise, the skin and eyes turn yellow..
When the liver degrades toxic chemicals, the by-products are expelled in the bile or blood. Bile by-products enter the gut and exit the body as feces. Blood by-products are filtered out by the kidneys and exit the body as urine.
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